Juris Doctor (JD) Course Descriptions
JD 101 Legal Research, Writing & Analysis I 2 units
The class focuses on case analysis, case synthesis, statutory construction, research techniques,
legal correspondence, and citation form. Students will engage in objective analysis and analyze
several fact situations and prepare intra-office memos and correspond with "clients."
JD 102 Contracts 4 units
Basic course for the study of the law of contracts, offer and acceptance, consideration, parties to
the contract, joint and several contracts, conditional and third party contracts, illegality,
discharge, Statute of Frauds and Parole Evidence Rule as they affect contractual obligations.
JD 103 Remedies 4 units
Legal and equitable remedies, including damages, injunctive and declaratory relief, specific
performance, rescission, and restitution. Considerations in choosing a remedy. Alternate
JD 104 Torts 4 units
Intentional torts and defenses, negligence, vicarious liability, and strict liability,
including products liability. Interference with contract, privacy, defamation, and other
JD 105 Legal Research, Writing & Analysis II 2 units
Legal Research, Writing & Analysis II focuses on persuasive writing. Students analyze an
extensive fact situation and prepare an argumentative memorandum and an appellate brief. In
addition, students give oral arguments on campus and engage in settlement negotiations
concerning their case. The course culminates with an oral appellate argument, based on the
appellate brief, before a three judge moot court panel at the downtown courthouse.
JD 106 Criminal Law 4 units
Fundamentals of the substantive law of crimes, punishable acts and omissions, requisite intent,
legal defenses, liability for conspiracy and attempt, lesser included offenses, enforcement of the
law and introduction to criminal procedure.
JD 107 Civil Procedure I 4 units
This course examines constitutional constraints on government investigation of crime. Topics
include search and seizure, interrogations and confessions and eyewitness identification. While
the focus is on the United States Constitution (4th, 5th, and 6th amendments and due process),
some attention will be paid to state constitutional issues. Some coverage will also be given to the
role of victims at this stage of the procedure.
JD 108 Evidence 4 units
Inquiry into relationship of pleadings and proof at trial, techniques of proof, judicial notice, rules
relating to witnesses, documents and demonstrative evidence; discovery procedures and
application of rules of evidence at trial; hearsay and its exceptions.
JD 109 Civil Procedure II 4 units
Civil Procedure II focuses on the procedural rules governing the adjudication of criminal cases,
with emphasis on fundamental constitutional doctrines. Topics include charging decisions and
prosecutorial discretion, discovery, pre-trial motions, plea negotiations, the rights of the
defendant at trial, jury selection, the role of the jury, sentencing, appeal and post-conviction
JD 110 Criminal Procedure 4 units
Procedures from arrest through appellate proceedings, bail, and release on own recognizance,
arraignments, motions, discovery and trial procedures; search and seizure and other
constitutional guaranties as interpreted by recent Supreme Court decisions.
JD 111 Constitutional Law I 4 units
This introductory course focuses on the issues raised by the structural parts of the United States
Constitution. Consideration will be given to judicial processes in constitutional cases; judicial
review; and the federal courts functioning in the constitutional system. Attention will then be
given to the relationships of the three federal branches of government, with emphasis on some of
the powers and limitations of the executive, legislative and judicial bodies that arise from
principles of separation of powers and national checks and balances. The course will also
consider federalism and the respective roles of the national and state governments in some detail.
Both general principles and their specific application to sources of federal and states powers and
their limitations will be discussed, with particular emphasis on examples under the commerce
JD 112 Constitutional Law II 4 units
This course is a continuation of Constitutional Law I. There, the focus was on the structural
constitution-federalism, the separation of powers, and the role of the courts. In Constitutional
Law II, the focus is on individual rights and their protection under the Constitution. We study
primarily the Fifth and Fourteenth Amendments for substantive due process and equal protection
and the First Amendment for the freedoms of speech and religion.
JD 113 Wills & Trusts 4 units
The substantive law of trusts; express and implied trusts; formation of testamentary and inter
vivo trusts; rights and duties of grantor, trustee and beneficiary; administration of the trust.
The law of wills in California and its origin, including non-probate changes in ownership at
death, interstate succession, the statute of wills, validity and interpretation of wills.
JD 114 Property I 4 units
An introductory investigation of Anglo-American rules governing acquisition, transfer, and use
of real and personal property. Acquisition of property is studied through the law of finders, the
rule of capture, and the doctrine of adverse possession. Transfer of property is evaluated through
the concept of estates in land and future interests, including marital interests.
JD 115 Taxation 4 units
An introductory course which includes theory and problems of individual income taxation, State
and Federal; basic corporate taxation; taxing procedures, categories of taxable events, capital
investments, gains, depreciation, estate and gift taxes.
JD 116 Property II 4 units
Property II focuses on the historical development of land law, common law estates and
conveyances. statute of uses, indicia of ownership, modem conveyance, landlord and tenant
issues, deeds, recording acts, covenants, easements, equitable servitudes, adverse possession,
rights and duties incident to the ownership of land, future interests. Emphasis is given to the
tension between public needs and private desires in the allocation, transfer, and development of
JD 117 Community Property 4 units
History and development of community property and quasi-community property law, interests of
spouses in the community, agreements, separate vs. community property, future interests in
community property, rights on dissolution of community and methods of division, and legal
JD 118 Business Associations/Corporations 4 units
Nature, formation and liabilities of partnerships and other unincorporated associations; nature
and character of stock; closely-held and non-profit corporation organizations; relation of
corporations to the state; de jure and de facto corporations; obligations and rights of
shareholders, directors, and creditors; merger and termination of corporations.
JD 119 Agency and Partnership 4 units
An introduction to the law of agency, its uses and limitations. Methods of creation, and
termination. The powers and authority of agents, both formal and ostensible. Ratification of the
acts of an agent. When notice of a principal and agent relationship is necessary. The reciprocal
rights and duties of principal and agent in fiduciary relationships. Master and servant and the
doctrine of respondent superior, including tort and criminal liabilities. The common law origins
of agency and how employers liability, workers' compensation, and motor vehicle statutes affect
master and servant relationships.
JD 120 Professional Responsibility 4 units
A study of the legal profession and of many of the ethical decision-making problems the
American lawyer is likely to encounter in all phases of practice. The American Bar Association's
Code of Professional Responsibility and the California Rules of Professional Conduct are
considered. The problems in building a law practice, the different roles of the lawyer as
counselor, negotiator, judge, and teacher. Relations with clients. Public service. Maintaining the
integrity of the legal profession.
JD 121 Conflict of Law 4 units
This course analyzes cases and materials from several common-law countries. Students will
discover that there are very few firm answers in Conflicts, but a lot of fascinating issues.
Students learn theoretical issues that have very practical ramifications in interstate and
JD 122 Immigration Law 4 units
This course explores the legal, historical, and policy perspectives that shape U.S. law governing
immigration and citizenship. Students will examine the constitutional bases for regulating
immigration, the history of immigration law in the U.S., the source and scope of congressional
and executive branch power in the realm of immigration, and the role of the judiciary in
interpreting immigration law. The course will address citizenship and naturalization, the
admission and removal of immigrants and non-immigrants, refugee and asylum law, and the
issue of undocumented immigration. In addition, students will analyze the impact of immigration
in other areas, including employment, criminal law, family unification, discrimination, and
JD 123 Legal Practice Clinic 4 units
Hands-on experience in the supervised practice of criminal and civil law.
JD 124 California Secured Transactions 4 units
A comprehensive survey of real property security transactions and the rights and related rights,
duties, and remedies, with particular emphasis on California law regarding deeds of trust,
mortgages, foreclosure, and other security devices.
JD 125 Commercial Transactions 4 units
Sales of personal property with emphasis on the Uniform Sales Act and Uniform Commercial Code. Conditional sales contracts, other sales agreements, risk of loss, statutes of frauds, express and implied warranties, and contractual and jurisdictional problems.
JD 126 Insurance Law 4 units
This course gives students a detailed account of insurance law and regulation in the U.S. with
particular stress and rights and redress for policy-holders. By the end of the course, students will
be able to explain in depth the nature of U.S. insurance law and practice and advise parties to an
insurance contract on their respective rights and obligations in a given factual situation.
JD 127 California Civil Procedure 4 units
This course is designed for attorneys, law students and paralegals who are interested in an
overview of the basic steps in California civil procedure: from start to finish It addresses actual
practice issues such as client intake, case strategies, choice of forum, filing the complaint,
challenges to the complaint, joinder of parties and cross complaints, discovery, summary
judgment, pre-trial motions, use of form pleadings, trial process, legal research and more. The
course utilizes and discusses the California Civil Code, California Rules of Court, local rules,
California Judicial Council forms, form jury instructions, research and online resources and other
essential materials. This is part two of an eight-part course on Civil Procedure. The course covers
sources of procedural law, the three-track litigation system, and how to choose a jurisdiction.
JD 128 Debtor & Creditor Law 4 units
Study of basic legal principles governing rights and duties of debtors and creditors. Introduction
to Law of Bankruptcy, specifically Chapters 7, 11, and 13 of the United States Bankruptcy Code
and applicable California law. Preparation of bankruptcy petitions, related schedules and documents needed for initial filing of petitions. Debt counseling protection, compromise and collection techniques including garnishment, foreclosure and attachment of personal property explored.